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An update from Evaneos

India from North to South, from East to West

The subcontinent is different from North to South and from East to West. Geography, climate, weather, fauna and flora, Mother Nature has more than one trick up its sleeve and it is proved to us with verve in India.

North India

The Himalayas and the Gangetic Plain are two of themust-see regions in North India. The first, a mountain range spreading over 2,400km, marks the border with China, Nepal and Tibet. It's in these mountains where the temperatures are the lowest, due to the alpine climate. However, during the middle of the year in the Gangetic Plain, they can easily rise up to 40-45°C, under a particularly uncomfortable humidity and heat.

The Gangetic Plain is parallel to the Himalayas. It has three rivers, the Indus, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, and has a flat landform, making it very vulnerable to floods during the monsoon.

South India

The Southern part of India notably comprises the Goa Beaches, Tamil Nadu, Mumbai and Bangalore. In this region, the monsoon starts at the beginning of June and then heads towards the North, before covering the entire the country during the first few days of July. During the rest of the year, the temperatures are pleasant, particularly in the cool season where they stay mild.

Palolem Beach, Goa

The seasons in India

The climactic conditions are very different in the North and South of the country. India has three seasons : warm, humid and cool. In the North, the heat arrives in February to be established between April and May. From this month onwards, the monsoon starts to send out a few signs (humidity, storm rainfall and other storms). It's during October that it goes away, giving way to cooler nights in the North, and pleasant, mild temperatures in the South.

Indian fauna and flora

Monkeys and elephants are the animals which you will come across most often during your trip to India. Monkeys are everywhere in North India and are particularly aggressive. You come across them particularly in the centre of Delhi and in the Himalayan forests. However, macaques have an important place in many Indian people's heart, and particularly in the temples where Hanuman was venerated. As for elephants, they are sacred and serve as a taxi in Rajasthan. They can also be seen in large cities and have their trunk stroked as a sign of benediction.

Indian flora shows its spectacular richness. More than 40,000 plant species grow there and depend on climatic and geographical variations of the subcontinent. Thus, garlands of flowers which embellish newlyweds in India, for example, are made out of the country's rose petals. Numerous other flowers, such as the Indian carnations, jasmine, lotus and hibiscus, grow successfully in India...

In order to protect the biodiversity present in India, nearly 100 national parks have been opened.

Schéhérazade Deedarun
14 contributions
Updated 24 November 2015
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